What evidence is there for the continuity hypothesis of dreaming?

Findings from various studies are consistent with the view that dreams tend to reflect the contents of waking thoughts and concerns. For example, research has shown that the occurrence of unpleasant dreams (e.g., bad dreams and nightmares) in otherwise healthy adults is related to their levels of well-being, that dream content is reactive to the experience of naturalistic and experimental stressors, that some personality traits are correlated to specific dream content, that the topographical and sensory characteristics of dreams recalled by the congenitally blind are consistent with how they experience the world in waking-life, and that the social networks in dreams — that is, the pattern of direct and indirect relationships among the characters — have the same properties as the dreamer’s real life social networks. Furthermore, the fact that developmental contents of dreaming in children follow their developmental patterns in waking cognitive processes is also consistent with the view that dream and waking thought contents are continuous.

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